Swift’s Attitude to Mankind as Portrayed in Gulliver’s Travels

Jonathan Swift had a mysterious character. He was a disappointed, frustrated and embittered man. Cursed with excessive pride and arrogance, he became like a suppressed volcano. So, various interpretations of his life and work have been offered. Critics differ widely on his attitude towards mankind and his society. Macaulay, Jeffrey, and Jeffrey produced unsympathetic studies […]

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner as a Tale of Crime and Punishment

The Ancient Mariner is Coleridge’s masterpiece in which the story is presented in the supernatural atmosphere but it appears to be real and convincing. The Ancient Mariner is essentially a story of crime and punishment. The poem is divided into seven sections and each section describes a new stage in the development of the story. […]

The Role and Function of Gulliver as a Narrator and an Observer

Jonathan Swift has presented Lemuel Gulliver as a narrator and an observer in his satirical masterpiece Gulliver’s Travels. The account of the different voyages narrated by this fictitious character adds an element of realism to the incidents described, for we have the feeling that Gulliver really experienced those incidents in different voyages. A careful analysis […]

Comment on the Fusion of Fact and Fantasy in Gulliver’s Travels

Swift’s satirical masterpiece Gulliver’s Travels is essentially a product of his complicated psychology and highly imaginative mind. Swift was one of the most controversial personalities of his age who revolted against the adoration of reason and scientific speculations. He bitterly criticised them in his writings, particularly in Gulliver’s Travels which is a wonderful fusion of fact […]

Discuss the Use of Irony and Humor in Austen’s Pride and Prejudice

Irony presupposes a contrast between appearance and reality. A writer who uses irony is conscious of the incongruity of life. The contrast between illusion and reality, the ideal and the real, the serious of the comic virtue and vice become a writer’s immediate concern he seeks to communicate it to the readers. Jane Austen has […]

Swift’s Satirical Technique in the Book IV of Gulliver’s Travels

The Book IV of Gulliver’s Travels is one of the most savage and terrible indictments of mankind. The clarity and force of Swift’s style are everywhere apparent. In Gulliver, he exposes intense hatred of mankind, such hatred is nothing but the reverse side of love. The degradation, the vileness which Swift ascribes to man could […]

Compare and Contrast the Lilliputians and the Emperor with the King of Brobdingnag

“A dark picture of political institutions and manners” has been presented in Gulliver’s Travels by the supreme satirist of English literature, Jonathan Swift. He had practical experience in politics and politicians. This experience had shown him the hidden springs of power and the part played by corruption and intrigue. Gulliver’s Travels throws the light of […]

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